What is BPH or Enlarged Prostate?
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition in which the prostate enlarges as men get older.
To learn more about BPH and treatments, contact us to schedule an appointment.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH)
BPH is related to the normal aging process and is influenced by changes in the body’s levels of the male hormone testosterone. In some cases, an enlarged prostate may also be genetic. While BPH is a benign condition and unrelated to prostate cancer, it can greatly affect a man’s quality of life.
BPH is a very common condition that affects:
of men by age 603
BPH is the most common urological condition men face and the leading reason that men visit a urologist.
As the prostate enlarges, it presses on and blocks the urethra, causing bothersome urinary symptoms such as:
- Frequent need to urinate both day and night
- Weak or slow urinary stream
- A sense that you cannot completely empty your bladder
- Difficulty or delay in starting urination
- Urgent feeling of needing to urinate
- A urinary stream that stops and starts
You can measure the severity of your BPH symptoms by taking the International Prostate Symptom Score (IPSS) questionnaire.
BPH treatment options
How your physician handles your BPH varies based on your age, health, the size of your prostate, and how BPH is affecting you.
- Lower the amount of fluids you drink, especially before you go out or go to bed
- Drink less caffeine
- Drink less alcohol
If lifestyle changes and medications are ineffective, your physician has a number of ways to treat your prostate. Many of these are called “minimally invasive,” meaning they are easier on you than regular surgery.
Examples of minimally invasive procedures include:
Rezūm Water Vapor Therapy
Using the natural energy stored in water vapor or steam, Rezūm relieves BPH symptoms safely and effectively, often eliminating the need for BPH medications.
This system uses a minimally invasive approach that provides rapid relief and recovery of BPH symptoms. The system lifts and holds the enlarged prostate tissue so it no longer blocks the urethra.
Greenlight XPS™ Laser Therapy
Lasers are now used in many areas of medicine. During this procedure, the tissue blocking your prostate is rapidly heated and vaporized. Natural urine flow is rapidly restored in most patients.
Examples of surgical options include:
Transurethral Resection of the Prostate (TURP)
A combined visual and surgical instrument (resectoscope) is inserted through the urethra where it’s surrounded by prostate tissue. An electrical loop cuts away excess prostate tissue to improve urine flow.
Suprapubic prostatectomy is done to remove part of an enlarged prostate gland. This procedure can be performed open or using the da Vinci robot and is performed for men who have very large prostate glands.